Patrys is developing a cell-penetrating monoclonal antibody. To understand this opportunity, you need to do two things at once. Think micro: recognising that Patrys has a world-first, cell-penetrating anti-DNA antibody. At the same time, think macro: recognising that its ground-breaking drug will play into a US$84bn antibody market. Taken together, these ingredients have the feel of blockbuster potential. The story started when Patrys in-licensed a ground-breaking antibody from Yale University in 2016. One way that cancer cells stay alive is by self-repairing their DNA when it breaks – and Yale’s Deoxymab 3E10 prevents this. Importantly, Patrys has now upgraded this antibody for human use. And, on the basis of its pre-clinical work, it recently announced that its version (PAT-DX1) may have application for a broad range of cancers: glioblastoma, colon cancer, triple negative breast cancer; and possibly, melanoma and other cancers as well. This product will enter the clinic in 2019. Back in 2014, AstraZeneca gained FDA approval for Lynparza, the first of the revolutionary PARP inhibitor drugs for the treatment of cancer. For reasons explored further in this note, Patrys’ product could be superior since it can prevent double-strand as well as single-strand cancer DNA repair. In addition, it can be synergistic with PARP inhibitors, and conjugated to other drugs of interest. This antibody is Patrys’ current priority – but the company still retains (for possible future attention) the IP from its original work on creating a new class of monoclonal antibody drug.
Kazia is a cancer drug developer. Glioblastoma is an acute brain cancer with, at the moment, limited treatment options. As such, there’s a billion-dollar market opportunity waiting to be realised. That is Kazia Therapeutics’ prime focus – and it commences a Phase 2 trial of its small-molecule GDC-0084 before year end. Back in 2016, notwithstanding positive Phase 1 results, Genentech offered this candidate for sale and Kazia was the successful bidder, attracted by the prospects for a successful inhibitor of the cellular signalling pathway PI3K. There are others chasing this pathway and in 2014 Gilead obtained approval for Zydelig. But unlike their drug, Kazia’s candidate is specifically focused on glioblastoma and has the advantage of a molecule that not only has an already-demonstrated Phase 1 safety record but, uniquely, has the ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. If Phase 2 is successful, there may be accelerated approval for GDC-0084 given the paucity of current glioblastoma treatments. In addition to GDC-0084, Kazia has an ovarian cancer drug (developed internally) that completes Phase 1 in 2018. Kazia was formerly known as Novogen. The name change in late 2017 reflects the new lead compound and the arrival of a highly-experienced management team, led by Dr James Garner.
SUDA is a drug delivery company focused on oral spray formulations of existing drugs. Imagine these five things. First, a small pharmaceutical company with a unique platform for reformulating billion-dollar drugs for oral delivery. Second, that such delivery is not only safer but also much faster-acting. Third, that the target markets are large, including patients suffering migraine, anxiety, erectile dysfunction, nausea and malaria. Fourth, that a reformulated approval potentially involves months (not years) and costs a few (not hundreds of) millions. Fifth, that the small pharma already has its first licensing deal with a top-20 global pharma, as well as two other recent deals. Well, the small pharma is SUDA.
Cynata is a Melbourne-based regenerative medicine company. Regenerative medicine is the future – and will create some billion-dollar companies. Cynata is well placed for this race. Its Cymerus technology uniquely produces vast quantities of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) from a single blood donation. This science, originated by Prof. Igor Slukvin at the world-leading stem-cell labs of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, is exclusively licensed to Cynata. MSCs have wide application: heart repair, rebuilding bones and cartilage, reducing inflammation and much more. For example, in early 2017 (with backing from Britain’s NHS), Cynata initiated a UK-based Phase 1 trial in steroid-refractory acute Graft vs Host Disease (GvHD). Happily, international majors are noticing Cynata’s ground-breaking progress. In January of this year, Fujifilm (now a global leader in cellular medicine) initiated a strategic partnership with Cynata and optioned the GvHD indication in a deal with upfront, milestone and royalty payments. The company also made a $4m equity investment in Cynata. The future is on the way.
Phylogica is a Perth-based biotechnology company focused on peptide drug development. Peptides are potentially very valuable as the basis for future world-leading drugs, and Phylogica has a powerful discovery engine with its Phylomer platform. Most importantly, having discovered how peptide drugs can be delivered intra-cellularly, the company is able to address hitherto ‘undruggable’ targets. This should in turn open the way for a pipeline of potential blockbuster drugs. The company has already signed collaboration agreements with AstraZeneca, Roche, Pfizer and J&J. In due course, each of these can yield substantial milestone payments (one such already received). In addition to the outsourced projects, the company also has its own three, highly-prospective, in-house programmes focused on cancer targets.
Optiscan is a world-leader in the field of live micro-imaging, where powerful microscopes are used to image internal organs at the cellular level in real time for surgery and during diagnostic procedures such as endoscopy. In the 1990s the company introduced one of the first fibre optic confocal microscopy devices, while its Pentax ISC-1000, FDA approved in late 2004, was the world’s first flexible endomicroscope. The commercialisation of this landmark instrument stalled in 2007 and 2008 due to a combination of factors - Pentax was taken over by Hoya not long before the Global Financial Crisis, which led to cancellation of all Pentax-originated research and development, leading in turn to the discontinuation of the Pentax ISC-1000. Ten years later, we see the phoenix rising from the ashes. Last year a new leadership team took office at Optiscan, focused on gaining commercial outcomes from the historic A$100m that has been invested in the company since the 1990s. With the support of Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, the German manufacturer of optical systems, Optiscan is now nearing completion of its second-generation device specifically designed for neurosurgery, which has the potential to become a new gold standard for brain tumour surgery by making current practice obsolete. We expect this device will gain FDA approval later this year. We see the new product and the new Optiscan pipeline as helping to re-rate the stock.
Anatara Lifesciences is striking a blow against antibiotic resistance. The company is nearing the market with its first product, called Detach, a treatment for production animals such as cattle and pigs designed to reduce gastrointestinal disorders in these animals, thereby increasing meat yield. Anatara filed for Australian approval of Detach in October 2016 and expects to be selling the product commercially to pig farmers in 2017. We see significant upside for Anatara from an option granted last year to the animal health major Zoetis over a worldwide license for Detach’s use in production animals. Anatara has argued that Detach’s mechanism of action, which doesn’t involve killing pathogens directly, makes the product one potential solution to the emerging problem of antibiotic resistance. Anatara is currently looking at human applications for Detach, where the market opportunity in Inflammatory Bowel Disease and other gastrointestinal diseases in need of new anti-inflammatory approaches is significant.
Alcidion is an emerging player in health informatics. Medical error is now the third leading cause of death in the US. Alcidion, an emerging player in the US$100bn field of health informatics, has technology that can help reduce these deaths while making hospitals much more efficient. Alcidion stock has more than doubled since it listed on the ASX in late February, a re-rating driven primarily by commercial progress in various Australian hospitals. In this note we argue that the market continues to undervalue Alcidion, given the significant investments now going into health informatics and Clinical Decision Support Systems around the world, and the unique nature of Alcidion’s platform, which by markedly improving the quality of hospital care is attracting new users.
Resonance Health develops new MRI diagnostics. Resonance Health was originally built around FerriScan, an MRI test for iron overload disorders. That diagnostic has consistently made money for Resonance since its FDA approval in 2005. In recent years, however, Resonance has been positioning itself for the coming boom in drugs that treat liver disorders. Its new HepaFat-Scan, another MRI test, was FDA approved in 2013 and can reasonably be expected to play a role in managing diseases such as Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). This disease affects 20-30% of the Western world’s population and is a multi-billion-dollar market opportunity. Beyond FerriScan and HepaFat-Scan, Resonance has new MRI-based diagnostics in development. These should further entrench its technological lead.
AdAlta is developing an antibody-like drug called the i-body with the same target specificity and affinity as a monoclonal antibody, but about 90% smaller. Monoclonal antibodies are a workhorse of modern medicine with global sales of >$US70bn pa. But they are expensive to make and their molecule size makes them too big for use against many important drug targets. They also require heavy dosing and this must be delivered by intravenous infusion. AdAlta is developing an antibody-like drug called the i-body with the same target specificity and affinity as a monoclonal antibody, but about 90% smaller. It will also more likely be cheaper to make, easier to administer and capable of addressing difficult-to-treat diseases such as fibrosis. AdAlta’s first clinical product from its platform will be AD-114, initially for the treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. We see considerable upside for AdAlta given the high valuation that validated antibody and antibody-like platforms tend to trade for, the early focus on fibrosis and the demonstrated ability to hit targets that have proved extremely difficult to drug with antibodies, such as GPCRs.
Dimerix knows how to find some potentially really valuable drug targets. Its first product is an Orphan Drug in the kidney disease area. Dimerix is a Melbourne and Perth-based drug discovery company being built around new ways to identify G Protein-Coupled Receptors, the target of a significant number of present and former blockbuster drugs. Dimerix’s Receptor-Heteromer Investigation Technology (Receptor-HIT) allows druggable GPCR combinations to be identified. Dimerix’s lead DMX-200 candidate, a combination of two existing drugs, irbesartan and propagermanium, is now in a Phase II study in patients with proteinuria, which is symptomatic of a range of kidney problems. Following recent guidance for the FDA, Dimerix is now making plans to take DMX-200 into a pivotal study in Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis, an Orphan kidney disease.
ResApp Health is a Perth-based company developing a smartphone-based diagnostic for respiratory disease. The technology, originally developed at the University of Queensland, can detect, through the measurement of coughs and breathing sounds, a range of respiratory disorders including pneumonia, asthma, and COPD with sensitivities and specificities greater than 90% and improving all the time thanks to machine learning. The technology works on existing smartphones with no extra specialised hardware required, making rapid deployment post-regulatory approval a relatively straightforward and highly scalable proposition. ResApp Health is now preparing for a registration study of the technology, ahead of a filing for FDA approval expected in early 2017.
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